Contraceptive plans before preoperative assessment and at procedure in surgical abortion patients

Britany R. Lundberg, Angel Tabuyo-Martin, Matthew D. Ponzini, Machelle D. Wilson, Mitchell D. Creinin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To describe changes in contraceptive method plans pre-appointment, after counseling, and post-procedure in patients having an abortion. Study Design: We reviewed electronic medical records of University of California, Davis Health patients who had an operating room abortion from January 2015 to December 2016. We excluded persons with procedures for fetal anomaly or demise. We extracted patient demographics and contraceptive plans reported at each encounter (telephone intake, pre-operative appointment, and day of abortion). We evaluated individual contraceptive plans across the encounters, identified patient characteristics that contributed to plan change, and created a multivariable logistic regression model for predictors of contraception method plan change from telephone intake to post-procedure. Results: The 747 patients had a mean gestational age of 16 4/7 ± 5 0/7 weeks with 244 (32.7%) <15 weeks and 235 (31.5%) ≥20 weeks. At telephone intake, 273 (36.4%) wanted a long-acting method (139 [50.9%] intrauterine device [IUD]; 99 [36.3%] implant; 35 [12.3%] unspecified), 11 (3.9%) permanent contraception, and 248 (33.2%) a less effective or no method; 215 (28.8%) stated they were undecided. Most (357/433 [82.4%]) patients who planned a reversible method based on the telephone intake obtained that or a similar method. Of the 273 patients planning a long-acting method, 258 (94.5%) received an IUD (158 [40.9%]) or implant (100 [36.6%]). Of the 215 undecided patients, 88 (40.9%) received an IUD and 55 (25.6%) an implant. No demographic factors predicted a change in method plan. Conclusions: Most patients will receive the method they initially identified at the telephone intake after an abortion, especially those planning an IUD or implant. Undecided patients are commonly open to discussing options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Abortion
  • Contraceptive counseling
  • Contraceptive method
  • Contraceptive plan
  • Long-acting reversible contraception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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