In the past 15 years, the increased availability and use of continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) in critically ill patients has substantially changed our understanding of the injured brain.We have become increasingly aware that electrographic seizures in this population may have only subtle or no clinical signs and that cEEG greatly increases the likelihood of detecting these seizures. This review highlights the rationale behind using cEEG rather than routine EEG for detection of nonconvulsive seizures and nonconvulsive status epilepticus in critically ill patients and defines which patients are at greatest risk. It also describes other applications of cEEG in the intensive care unit and how it may play an important role in monitoring brain function.
- Continuous video EEG monitoring
- Intensive care unit
- Nonconvulsive seizure
- Nonconvulsive status epilepticus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology