Continuous eeg monitoring in the intensive care unit

Jeffrey Kennedy, Elizabeth E. Gerard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the past 15 years, the increased availability and use of continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) in critically ill patients has substantially changed our understanding of the injured brain.We have become increasingly aware that electrographic seizures in this population may have only subtle or no clinical signs and that cEEG greatly increases the likelihood of detecting these seizures. This review highlights the rationale behind using cEEG rather than routine EEG for detection of nonconvulsive seizures and nonconvulsive status epilepticus in critically ill patients and defines which patients are at greatest risk. It also describes other applications of cEEG in the intensive care unit and how it may play an important role in monitoring brain function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-428
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cEEG
  • Continuous video EEG monitoring
  • EEG
  • ICU
  • Intensive care unit
  • Nonconvulsive seizure
  • Nonconvulsive status epilepticus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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