Continuous depth-of-interaction encoding using phosphor-coated scintillators

Huini Du, Yongfeng Yang, Jarek Glodo, Yibao Wu, Kanai Shah, Simon R Cherry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


We investigate a novel detector using a lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) scintillator and YGG (yttrium-aluminum-gallium oxide:cerium, Y 3(Al,Ga)5O12:Ce) phosphor to construct a detector with continuous depth-of-interaction (DOI) information. The far end of the LSO scintillator is coated with a thin layer of YGG phosphor powder which absorbs some fraction of the LSO scintillation light and emits wavelength-shifted photons with a characteristic decay time of ∼50 ns. The near end of the LSO scintillator is directly coupled to a photodetector. The photodetector detects a mixture of the LSO light and the light emitted by YGG. With appropriate placement of the coating, the ratio of the light converted from the YGG coating with respect to the unconverted LSO light can be made to depend on the interaction depth. DOI information can then be estimated by inspecting the overall light pulse decay time. Experiments were conducted to optimize the coating method. 19 ns decay time differences across the length of the detector were achieved experimentally when reading out a 1.5 × 1.5 × 20 mm3 LSO crystal with unpolished surfaces and half-coated with YGG phosphor. The same coating scheme was applied to a 4 × 4 LSO array. Pulse shape discrimination (PSD) methods were studied to extract DOI information from the pulse shape changes. The DOI full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) resolution was found to be ∼8 mm for this 2 cm thick array.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1757-1771
Number of pages15
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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