Background: The neonatal resuscitation program (NRP) recommends interrupted chest compressions (CCs) with ventilation in the severely bradycardic neonate. The conventional 3:1 compression-to-ventilation (C:V) resuscitation provides 90 CCs/min, significantly lower than the intrinsic newborn heart rate (120–160 beats/min). Continuous CC with asynchronous ventilation (CCCaV) may improve the success of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Methods: Twenty-two near-term fetal lambs were randomized to interrupted 3:1 C:V (90 CCs + 30 breaths/min) or CCCaV (120 CCs + 30 breaths/min). Asphyxiation was induced by cord occlusion. After 5 min of asystole, resuscitation began following NRP guidelines. The first dose of epinephrine was given at 6 min. Invasive arterial blood pressure and left carotid blood flow were continuously measured. Serial arterial blood gases were collected. Results: Baseline characteristics between groups were similar. Rate of and time to ROSC was similar between groups. CCCaV was associated with a higher PaO2 (partial oxygen tension) (22 ± 5.3 vs. 15 ± 3.5 mmHg, p < 0.01), greater left carotid blood flow (7.5 ± 3.1 vs. 4.3 ± 2.6 mL/kg/min, p < 0.01) and oxygen delivery (0.40 ± 0.15 vs. 0.13 ± 0.07 mL O2/kg/min, p < 0.01) compared to 3:1 C:V. Conclusions: In a perinatal asphyxiated cardiac arrest lamb model, CCCaV showed greater carotid blood flow and cerebral oxygen delivery compared to 3:1 C:V resuscitation. Impact: In a perinatal asphyxiated cardiac arrest lamb model, CCCaV improved carotid blood flow and oxygen delivery to the brain compared to the conventional 3:1 C:V resuscitation.Pre-clinical studies assessing neurodevelopmental outcomes and tissue injury comparing continuous uninterrupted chest compressions to the current recommended 3:1 C:V during newborn resuscitation are warranted prior to clinical trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health