Consonant perception by users of nucleus and clarion multichannel cochlear implants

K. J. Doyle, D. Mills, J. Larky, D. Kessler, W. M. Luxford, R. A. Schindler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A study was carried out to compare the consonant perceptions of five Nucleus multichannel cochlear implant users, five Clarion-CIS users, and four Clarion-CA users. All subjects were administered the Iowa Medial Consonant Recognition Test in the auditory-only condition. The groups averaged approximately 1 year of implant use at the time of testing, and the average patient age at implantation was 47 years for the Nucleus users, 60 years for the Clarion-CIS users, and 56 years for the Clarion-CA users. The percent-correct scores forall three devices were variable and ranged from 34% to 84%, with each group averaging about 50% correct consonant recognition. Consonant feature information transmission was calculated for five features: manner of articulation, nasality, place of articulation, duration, and voicing. The highest information transmission in the Nucleus group was for the features duration (71%), nasality (60%), and voicing (57%), which agrees with previous studies. The Clarion-CIS group had the highest information transmission for duration, place of articulation, manner of articulation, and nasality (50%, 29%, 28%, and 27%). The Clarion-CA group had the highest information transmission for the features voicing, place of articulation, and duration (41%, 40%, and 37%). This study indicates that the Clarion device may carry some acoustic information related to place of articulation, a feature that has not been found to be encoded well by other multichannel cochlear implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-681
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Otology
Volume16
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Doyle, K. J., Mills, D., Larky, J., Kessler, D., Luxford, W. M., & Schindler, R. A. (1995). Consonant perception by users of nucleus and clarion multichannel cochlear implants. American Journal of Otology, 16(5), 676-681.