Conserved domains in the chicken homologue of BRCA2

Minoru Takata, Seiji Tachiiri, Akira Fujimori, Larry H. Thompson, Yoshio Miki, Masahiro Hiraoka, Shunichi Takeda, Mitsuyoshi Yamazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Germline mutation of the BRCA2 gene causes a high risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. Although the BRCA2 protein has been implicated in homologous recombination (HR) of DNA and in transcription, it is still unclear how mutation leads to tumorigenesis. We have identified a nonmammalian homologue of BRCA2 from chicken, which encodes a protein with 3397 amino acids (aa) and shows only 40% identity to human BRCA2. However, comparison of the mammalian and chicken sequences revealed remarkably high homology in several segments. These include a N-terminal region (∼ 100 aa), which was previously shown to possess intrinsic transcriptional activity, and a C-terminal region (aa residue ∼ 2480- ∼ 3180 in human BRCA2), which has not been clearly assigned any function. In contrast, although the eight BRC repeats of mammalian BRCA2 are believed to play an important role in HR by interacting with Rad51, the BRC3, BRC5, and BRC6 repeats exhibit virtually no similarity to their mammalian counterparts. Among 311 missense mutations listed as unclassified variants in the NIH Breast Cancer Information Core database, only 83 of these sites are identical in chicken BRCA2. Thus, chicken BRCA2 may provide a means to identify domains and residues associated with cancer predisposition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1130-1134
Number of pages5
JournalOncogene
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 7 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BRC repeat
  • BRCA2
  • Homologous recombination
  • Rad51

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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