Conservative management options for cervical pregnancy: Case reports and literature review

Mitchell D Creinin, V. A. Feldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe three cases of cervical pregnancy treated successfully with different conservative methods and review the literature on conservative treatment of cervical pregnancy over the last 30 years. Method: Three patients treated conservatively for cervical pregnancy are reported. The literature regarding the conservative management of cervical pregnancy since 1965 was compiled using a MEDLINE search for articles published since 1980 and by reviewing the reference lists of published manuscripts. Results: Three cases of cervical pregnancy were successfully treated using methotrexate with leucovorin rescue, methotrexate without leucovorin rescue, and curettage after angiographic embolization of the right hypogastric and left uterine arteries. Review of conservatively managed cases of cervical pregnancy since 1965 indicates that medical management with methotrexate and preoperative angiographic embolization of the uterine blood supply, when appropriate, results in successful treatment without the need for transfusion. Conclusions: Clinical suspicion of cervical pregnancy early in gestation with preoperative diagnosis may safely allow conservative treatment. Different clinical scenarios may preclude or limit which conservative management options are best for each case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-186
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Fertility and Menopausal Studies
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • (review-67 references)
  • angiographic embolization
  • cervical pregnancy
  • methotrexate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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