Conjoined twins in a rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta)

D. Canfield, L. Brignolo, P. E. Peterson, Andrew G Hendrickx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Conjoined twinning is an extremely rare occurrence among human and nonhuman primates. The current report describes a case of minimally conjoined omphalopagus rhesus monkey twins that were observed in the breeding colony at the California Regional Primate Research Center. The full-term nonviable male twins were morphologically normal and united in the umbilical region, involving the liver, xiphoid, umbilicus, body wall, and skin. The umbilical cords were separate, but closely aligned, within an ensheathing amnion; each cord contained two arteries and a vein. The closely associated cords were centrally inserted on a large bidiscoid placenta. There were no gross or histologic abnormalities in the viscera, with the exception of enlargement of the left central liver lobes, which constituted the area of attachment. The cause of death was attributed to asphyxia and trauma experienced during parturition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-430
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Medical Primatology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000


  • Macaque
  • Omphalopagus
  • Twinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)


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