Conidiobolomycosis, cryptococcosis, and aspergillosis in sheep and goats: a review

Priscila Maria Silva do Carmo, Francisco A. Uzal, Pedro M.O. Pedroso, Franklin Riet-Correa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We review herein infections by Conidiobolus spp., Cryptococcus spp., and Aspergillus spp. in sheep and goats. Conidiobolus spp. are common causes of rhinitis in sheep and are less frequent in goats, in which Conidiobolus spp. also cause skin lesions. Cryptococcus spp. cause rhinitis, meningitis, encephalitis, and pneumonia in goats, and are rarely observed in sheep. Aspergillus spp. may cause rhinitis in goats, and pneumonia and mastitis in sheep and goats. Gross and microscopic lesions caused by these 3 fungal infections may be similar to each other. The diagnosis of these diseases must be based on gross and microscopic lesions, coupled with detection of the agent by immunohistochemical, molecular, and/or culture-based methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)826-834
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • Aspergillusspp
  • Conidiobolusspp
  • Cryptococcusspp
  • goats
  • sheep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Conidiobolomycosis, cryptococcosis, and aspergillosis in sheep and goats: a review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this