Congenital portosystemic shunts in Toy and Miniature Poodles

Geraldine B Hunt, P. L C Tisdall, A. Webb, G. C. MacPherson, P. Brain, R. Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Three male Poodles (two Toy, one Miniature) were presented to their veterinarians for evaluation of urolithiasis and varying degrees of hepatic encephalopathy. All three dogs were diagnosed as having intrahepatic shunts and referred for surgical correction. In each case, shunts arose from the right branch of the portal vein and were amenable to perivascular dissection caudal to where the vessel entered the hepatic parenchyma and to placement of perivascular cellophane bands to achieve shunt attenuation. During the same period, a female Miniature Poodle also presented for treatment of a congenital portosystemic shunt discovered during evaluation for generalised motor seizures. This animal had an extrahepatic portoazygous shunt that was completely ligated. Congenital portosystemic shunts have not previously been identified in Toy and Miniature Poodles at the University Veterinary Centre, Sydney and the anatomical types of shunt seen in this breed have not previously been reported in a consecutive series of cases. The three male dogs are noteworthy for a number of reasons: all had intrahepatic shunts, despite being small breed dogs; all three presented in a similar fashion, and all had shunts of an anatomical type amenable to placement of cellophane bands. One male dog died within 12 hours of surgery, the remaining three dogs survived and their liver function was normal at follow-up between 2 and 3 months after surgery. Use of cellophane bands for successful attenuation of intrahepatic shunts has not been previously reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)530-532
Number of pages3
JournalAustralian Veterinary Journal
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Cellophane band
  • Congenital portosystemic shunt
  • Intrahepatic
  • Poodle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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