Congenital isolated cleft mitral valve leaflet and apical muscular ventricular septal defect in a Holstein calf

Sarah Depenbrock, Lance C Visser, Rebecca A. Kohnken, Duncan S. Russell, Katharine M. Simpson, John D. Bonagura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 5-week-old Holstein heifer calf presented for emergency treatment of signs referable to gastrointestinal disease and hypovolemic shock. Fluid resuscitation uncovered clinical signs of primary cardiac disease and echocardiography revealed multiple congenital cardiac defects. Malformations included a cleft anterior mitral valve leaflet resembling an isolated cleft mitral valve and an apically-located muscular ventricular septal defect. The echocardiographic and postmortem findings associated with these defects are presented and discussed in this report.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-242
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of veterinary cardiology : the official journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bovine
  • Cardiac
  • Heart
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • veterinary(all)

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