A 5-week-old Holstein heifer calf presented for emergency treatment of signs referable to gastrointestinal disease and hypovolemic shock. Fluid resuscitation uncovered clinical signs of primary cardiac disease and echocardiography revealed multiple congenital cardiac defects. Malformations included a cleft anterior mitral valve leaflet resembling an isolated cleft mitral valve and an apically-located muscular ventricular septal defect. The echocardiographic and postmortem findings associated with these defects are presented and discussed in this report.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of veterinary cardiology : the official journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2015|
- Pulmonary hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas