Congenital interruption of the portal vein and caudal vena cava in dogs: Six case reports and a review of the literature

Geraldine B Hunt, Christopher R. Bellenger, Richard Borg, K. Ruth Youmans, Penelope L C Tisdall, Richard Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To describe six dogs with congenital abnormalities involving the portal vein, caudal vena cava, or both. Animals - Six client-owned dogs with congenital interruption of the portal vein or the caudal vena cava, or both. Methods - Portal vein and caudal vena cava anatomy was evaluated by contrast radiography and visualization at surgery. Vascular casts or plastinated specimens were obtained in three animals. Results - Portal blood shunted into the caudal vena cava in four dogs and the left hepatic vein in one. Two of these five dogs also had interruption of the caudal vena cava with continuation as azygous vein, as did an additional dog, in which the portal vein was normally formed. Portal vein interruption was present in 5 of 74 (6.8%) dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts evaluated at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital during the study period. Conclusions - Serious malformations of the abdominal veins were present in more than 1 in 20 dogs with single congenital portosystemic shunts. Clinical Relevance - Veterinarians involved in diagnosis and surgery for portosystemic shunts should be aware of these potential malformations, and portal vein continuity should be evaluated in all dogs before attempting shunt attenuation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-215
Number of pages13
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Volume27
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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    Hunt, G. B., Bellenger, C. R., Borg, R., Youmans, K. R., Tisdall, P. L. C., & Malik, R. (1998). Congenital interruption of the portal vein and caudal vena cava in dogs: Six case reports and a review of the literature. Veterinary Surgery, 27(3), 203-215.