Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and hydrops: A lethal association?

R. M. Sydorak, R. Goldstein, Shinjiro Hirose, K. Tsao, Diana L Farmer, H. Lee, M. R. Harrison, Craig T. Albanese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Nonimmune hydrops in the fetus is a finding that often portends death. The association and prognosis of fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and hydrops is not known. Methods: A retrospective review of all prenatally diagnosed cases and referrals of CDH was performed. Variables analyzed included gestational age at diagnosis and delivery, side of hernia, presence of associated anomalies and hydrops, and neonatal outcome. Results: Since 1993, 474 prenatal referrals for CDH have been made. One hundred seventy-five were evaluated; 15 fetuses had hydrops (9%). Five patients had CDH, hydrops, and associated lethal anomalies. In the remaining 10 patients, 6 of the diaphragmatic defects were right-sided and 4 were left-sided. All except one had a major portion of the liver herniated into the chest. Six fetuses had prenatal intervention. Five neonates died shortly after birth. There were 5 long-term survivors; all received prenatal intervention. Conclusions: The association of CDH and hydrops is rare but often results in fatality. Hydrops appears to be associated with liver in the hernia, right-sided lesions, and lethal anomalies. Fetal intervention can be performed successfully in patients with CDH and hydrops, and may improve long-term survival rate in this group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1678-1680
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

Fingerprint

Edema
Fetus
Hernia
Referral and Consultation
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernias
Liver
Gestational Age
Survivors
Thorax
Survival Rate
Parturition
Newborn Infant

Keywords

  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • Fetal surgery
  • Hydrops fetalis
  • Prenatal diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and hydrops : A lethal association? / Sydorak, R. M.; Goldstein, R.; Hirose, Shinjiro; Tsao, K.; Farmer, Diana L; Lee, H.; Harrison, M. R.; Albanese, Craig T.

In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Vol. 37, No. 12, 01.12.2002, p. 1678-1680.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sydorak, RM, Goldstein, R, Hirose, S, Tsao, K, Farmer, DL, Lee, H, Harrison, MR & Albanese, CT 2002, 'Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and hydrops: A lethal association?', Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 1678-1680. https://doi.org/10.1053/jpsu.2002.36691
Sydorak, R. M. ; Goldstein, R. ; Hirose, Shinjiro ; Tsao, K. ; Farmer, Diana L ; Lee, H. ; Harrison, M. R. ; Albanese, Craig T. / Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and hydrops : A lethal association?. In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2002 ; Vol. 37, No. 12. pp. 1678-1680.
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