The molecular target of vancomycin, a commonly used glycopeptide antibiotic, is the D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide subunit on the bacterial cell wall. The molecular basis of interaction between vancomycin and D-Ala-D-Ala in solution is well-known. However, there is no structural data on vancomycin, and its interaction with D-Ala-D-Ala when the drug is tethered to a solid support. In this Article, vancomycin was directly coupled onto TentaGel or PEGA resin through its C terminus. High-resolution magic angle spinning NMR studies indicated that conformation of PEGA bead-bound vancomycin is identical to that of the free drug. Broadening and shifts of the same proton resonances were observed in solution-phase vancomycin or PEGA-bound vancomycin when complexed with Ac2-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala. This study demonstrates that bead-bound molecules can behave the same as solution-phase molecules in terms of molecular interaction with its target molecule, thus validating the on-bead screening approach of the "one-bead-one-compound" combinatorial library method.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics