Conflict monitoring and cognitive control

Matthew M. Botvinick, Cameron S. Carter, Todd S. Braver, Cameron S Carter, Jonathan D. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A neglected question regarding cognitive control is how control processes might detect situations calling for their involvement. The authors propose here that the demand for control may be evaluated in part by monitoring for conflicts in information processing. This hypothesis is supported by data concerning the anterior cingulate cortex, a brain area involved in cognitive control, which also appears to respond to the occurrence of conflict. The present article reports two computational modeling studies, serving to articulate the conflict monitoring hypothesis and examine its implications. The first study tests the sufficiency of the hypothesis to account for brain activation data, applying a measure of conflict to existing models of tasks shown to engage the anterior cingulate. The second study implements a feedback loop connecting conflict monitoring to cognitive control, using this to simulate a number of important behavioral phenomena.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)624-652
Number of pages29
JournalPsychological Review
Volume108
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Gyrus Cinguli
Brain
Automatic Data Processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Botvinick, M. M., Carter, C. S., Braver, T. S., Carter, C. S., & Cohen, J. D. (2001). Conflict monitoring and cognitive control. Psychological Review, 108(3), 624-652. https://doi.org/10.1037//0033-295X.108.3.624

Conflict monitoring and cognitive control. / Botvinick, Matthew M.; Carter, Cameron S.; Braver, Todd S.; Carter, Cameron S; Cohen, Jonathan D.

In: Psychological Review, Vol. 108, No. 3, 07.2001, p. 624-652.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Botvinick, MM, Carter, CS, Braver, TS, Carter, CS & Cohen, JD 2001, 'Conflict monitoring and cognitive control', Psychological Review, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 624-652. https://doi.org/10.1037//0033-295X.108.3.624
Botvinick, Matthew M. ; Carter, Cameron S. ; Braver, Todd S. ; Carter, Cameron S ; Cohen, Jonathan D. / Conflict monitoring and cognitive control. In: Psychological Review. 2001 ; Vol. 108, No. 3. pp. 624-652.
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