Condom use and the risk of recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, or infertility following an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease

Roberta B. Ness, Hugh Randall, Holly E. Richter, Jeffrey F. Peipert, Andrea Montagno, David E. Soper, Richard L Sweet, Deborah B. Nelson, Diane Schubeck, Susan L. Hendrix, Debra C. Bass, Kevin E. Kip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Among 684 sexually active women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) followed up for a mean of 35 months, we related contraceptive use to self-reported PID recurrence, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Persistent use of condoms during the study reduced the risk of recurrent PID, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Consistent condom use (about 60% of encounters) at baseline also reduced these risks, after adjustment for confounders, by 30% to 60%. Self-reported persistent and consistent condom use was associated with lower rates of PID sequelae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1327-1329
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume94
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Ness, R. B., Randall, H., Richter, H. E., Peipert, J. F., Montagno, A., Soper, D. E., Sweet, R. L., Nelson, D. B., Schubeck, D., Hendrix, S. L., Bass, D. C., & Kip, K. E. (2004). Condom use and the risk of recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, or infertility following an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease. American Journal of Public Health, 94(8), 1327-1329.