Objective: To quantify the peripheral selectivity of vatinoxan (L-659,066, MK-467) in dogs by comparing the concentrations of vatinoxan, dexmedetomidine and levomedetomidine in plasma and central nervous system (CNS) tissue after intravenous (IV) coadministration of vatinoxan and medetomidine. Study design: Experimental, observational study. Animals: A group of six healthy, purpose-bred Beagle dogs (four females and two males) aged 6.5 ± 0.1 years (mean ± standard deviation). Methods: All dogs were administered a combination of medetomidine (40 μg kg−1) and vatinoxan (800 μg kg−1) as IV bolus. After 20 minutes, the dogs were euthanized with an IV overdose of pentobarbital (140 mg kg−1) and both venous plasma and CNS tissues (brain, cervical and lumbar spinal cord) were harvested. Concentrations of dexmedetomidine, levomedetomidine and vatinoxan in all samples were quantified by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry and data were analyzed with nonparametric tests with post hoc corrections where appropriate. Results: All dogs became deeply sedated after the treatment. The CNS-to-plasma ratio of vatinoxan concentration was approximately 1:50, whereas the concentrations of dexmedetomidine and levomedetomidine in the CNS were three- to seven-fold of those in plasma. Conclusions and clinical relevance: With the doses studied, these results confirm the peripheral selectivity of vatinoxan in dogs, when coadministered IV with medetomidine. Thus, it is likely that vatinoxan preferentially antagonizes α2-adrenoceptors outside the CNS.
- central nervous system
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