Computerized 3D breast phantom with enhanced High-Resolution detail

Christina M. Li, W. Paul Segars, Joseph Y. Lo, Alexander I. Veress, John M Boone, James T. Dobbins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations


We previously proposed a three-dimensional computerized breast phantom that combines empirical data with the flexibility of mathematical models1. The goal of this project is to enhance the breast phantom to include a more detailed anatomy than currently visible and create additional phantoms from different breast CT data. To improve the level of detail in our existing segmentations, the breast CT data is reconstructed at a higher resolution and additional image processing techniques are used to correct for noise and scatter in the image data. A refined segmentation algorithm is used that incorporates more detail than previously defined. To further enhance high-resolution detail, mathematical models, implementing branching algorithms to extend the glandular tissue throughout the breast and to define Cooper's ligaments, are under investigation. We perform the simulation of mammography and tomosynthesis using an analytical projection algorithm that can be applied directly to the mathematical model of the breast without voxelization 2. This method speeds up image acquisition, reduces voxelization artifacts, and produces higher resolution images than the previously used method. The realistic 3D computerized breast phantom will ultimately be incorporated into the 4DXCAT phantom 3-5 to be used for breast imaging research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
StatePublished - 2009
EventMedical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 9 2009Feb 12 2009


OtherMedical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL


  • Imaging of the breast (MG)
  • Phantoms (PHT)
  • Simulation (SIM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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