Computer-based smoking cessation interventions in adolescents: Description, feasibility, and six-month follow-up findings

Unto E. Pallonen, Wayne F. Velicer, James O. Prochaska, Joseph S. Rossi, Jeffrey M. Bellis, Janice Y. Tsoh, Jeffrey P. Migneault, Nelson F. Smith, Alexander V. Prokhorov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

The impact of adolescent smoking cessation clinics has been disappointing due to low participation rates, high attrition, and low quit rates. This paper describes two computerized self-help adolescent smoking cessation intervention programs: 1) a program utilizing the expert system which is based on the transtheoretical model of change and 2) a popular action-oriented smoking cessation clinic program for teens which was modified for computer presentation. High participation rates in the program among 132 smokers demonstrate the high feasibility and acceptability of the programs. Quit rates of up to 20% were oberved during the intervention, and an additional 30% made unsuccessful quit attempt(s). The 6-month follow-up findings indicated that adolescents were poorly prepared to maintain abstinence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)935-965
Number of pages31
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume33
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent smoking
  • Computerized interventions
  • Expert systems
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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    Pallonen, U. E., Velicer, W. F., Prochaska, J. O., Rossi, J. S., Bellis, J. M., Tsoh, J. Y., Migneault, J. P., Smith, N. F., & Prokhorov, A. V. (1998). Computer-based smoking cessation interventions in adolescents: Description, feasibility, and six-month follow-up findings. Substance Use and Misuse, 33(4), 935-965.