Computer-assisted image analysis of neovascularization in thtyroid neoplasms from dogs

Michael S Kent, Stephen M Griffey, Frank J Verstraete, Diane Naydan, Bruce R. Madewell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Objective-To develop a computer-assisted image analysis procedure for quantitation of neovascularization in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens of thyroid gland tissue from dogs with and wihout thyroid gland neoplasia. Sample Popullation-47 thyroid gland carcinomas, 8 thyroid gland adenomas, and 8 specimens of thyroid tissue from dogs without thyroid gland abnormalities (normal). Procedure-Serial tissue sections were prepared and stained with antibodies against human CD31 or factor VIII-related antigen (factor VIII-rag). The areas of highest vascularity were identified in CD31-stained sections, and corresponding areas were then identified in factor VIII-rag-stained sections. Image analysis was used to calculate the total vascular density in each section, and neovascularization, expressed as a percentage, was determined as the absolute value of the total vascular density derived from factor VIII-rag-stained sections minus the vascular density derived from CD31-stained sections. Results-Mean vascular density of thyroid gland carcinomas derived from CD31-stained sections was significantly greater than density derived from factor VIII-rag-stained sections.This incremental difference was presumed to represent degree of neovascularization. However, significant differences were not detected between vascular densities derived from CD31 and factor VIII-rag-stained sections for either normal thyroid gland tissue or thyroid gland adenomas. No significant correlations were found between vascular density in thyroid gland carcinomas and survival time following surgery. Conclusion and Clinical Rellevance-A computer-assisted image analysis method was developed for quantifying neovascularization in thyroid gland tumors of dogs. This method may allow identification of dogs with tumors that are most likely to respond to treatment with novel antiangiogenesis agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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