Comprehensive native glycan profiling with isomer separation and quantitation for the discovery of cancer biomarkers

Serenus Hua, Hyun Joo An, Sureyya Ozcan, Grace S. Ro, Stephanie Soares, Ralph W deVere White, Carlito B Lebrilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glycosylation is highly sensitive to the biochemical environment and has been implicated in many diseases including cancer. Glycan compositional profiling of human serum with mass spectrometry has already identified potential biomarkers for several types of cancer and diseases; however, composition alone does not fully describe glycan stereo- and regioisomeric diversity. The vast structural heterogeneity of glycans presents a formidable analytical challenge. We have developed a method to identify and quantify isomeric native glycans using nanoflow liquid chromatography (nano-LC)/mass spectrometry. A microfluidic chip packed with graphitized carbon was used to chromatographically separate the glycans. To determine the utility of this method for structure-specific biomarker discovery, we analyzed serum samples from two groups of prostate cancer patients with different prognoses. More than 300 N-glycan species (including isomeric structures) were identified, corresponding to over 100 N-glycan compositions. Statistical tests established significant differences in glycan abundances between patient groups. This method provides comprehensive, selective, and quantitative glycan profiling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3663-3671
Number of pages9
JournalAnalyst
Volume136
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry

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