Complications of turbinate reduction surgery in combination with tonsillectomy in pediatric patients

Sonia N. Yuen, Peggy P. Leung, Jamie Lauren Funamura, Kosuke Kawai, David W. Roberson, Eelam A. Adil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: To examine whether the addition of turbinoplasty to tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) increases the risk of postoperative complications. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study of children (18 years old and younger) who underwent tonsillectomy and/or turbinoplasty between July 1, 2013 and June 30, 2015 using the 2016 Pediatric Health Information System administrative database Methods: Patients were divided into three groups: 1) T&A and turbinoplasty, 2) T&A alone, and 3) turbinoplasty alone. Postoperative revisit, hemorrhage requiring cautery, and blood transfusion rates were compared between groups. Results: A total of 75,761 patients met inclusion criteria: 3,079 underwent both T&A and turbinoplasty, 72,043 underwent T&A alone, and 639 underwent turbinoplasty alone. The rate of 14-day relevant revisits after T&A in combination with turbinate reduction surgery was not significantly higher than that of T&A alone (9.4% vs. 8.6%; P = .11). The revisit rate after turbinoplasty alone was 1.4%. Indications for revisits did not differ between the T&A and turbinoplasty group versus T&A alone group (P = .23). Furthermore, the rates of hemorrhage requiring cauterization was similar between the two groups (1.4% vs. 1.5%; P = .64). Twenty-one patients who underwent T&A alone required blood transfusion after they were readmitted; no cases in the other two groups required blood transfusion. Conclusions: Turbinoplasty and T&A performed together do not increase the risk of postoperative revisit or hemorrhage requiring cauterization, and can therefore be considered as a combined procedure. Pediatric patients will benefit from avoiding the additional risk of multiple anesthetics and repeated intubation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalLaryngoscope
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Adenoidectomy
  • Bleeding
  • Pediatric tonsillectomy
  • Postoperative complication
  • Readmission
  • Turbinate reduction
  • Turbinoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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