Complete genome sequence of the termite hindgut bacterium Spirochaeta coccoides type strain (SPN1T), reclassification in the genus Sphaerochaeta as Sphaerochaeta coccoides comb. nov. and emendations of the family Spirochaetaceae and the genus Sphaerochaeta

Birte Abt, Cliff Han, Carmen Scheuner, Megan Lu, Alla Lapidus, Matt Nolan, Susan Lucas, Nancy Hammon, Shweta Deshpande, Jan Fang Cheng, Roxanne Tapia, Lynne A. Goodwin, Sam Pitluck, Konstantinos Liolios, Ioanna Pagani, Natalia Ivanova, Konstantinos Mavromatis, Natalia Mikhailova, Marcel Huntemann, Amrita PatiAmy Chen, Krishna Palaniappan, Miriam Land, Loren Hauser, Evelyne Marie Brambilla, Manfred Rohde, Stefan Spring, Sabine Gronow, Markus Göker, Tanja Woyke, James Bristow, Jonathan A Eisen, Victor Markowitz, Philip Hugenholtz, Nikos C. Kyrpides, Hans Peter Klenk, John C. Detter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spirochaeta coccoides Dröge et al. 2006 is a member of the genus Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835, one of the oldest named genera within the Bacteria. S. coccoides is an obligately an-aerobic, Gram-negative, non-motile, spherical bacterium that was isolated from the hindgut contents of the termite Neotermes castaneus. The species is of interest because it may play an important role in the digestion of breakdown products from cellulose and hemicellulose in the termite gut. Here we provide a taxonomic re-evaluation for strain SPN1T, and based on physiological and genomic characteristics, we propose its reclassification as a novel species in the genus Sphaerochaeta, a recently published sister group of the Spirochaeta. The 2,227,296 bp long genome of strain SPN1T with its 1,866 protein-coding and 58 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-209
Number of pages16
JournalStandards in Genomic Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

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Keywords

  • Chemoorganotrophic
  • Di- and oligosac-charide-degrading
  • GEBA
  • Gram-negative
  • Mesophilic
  • Non-motile
  • Obligately anaerobic
  • Sphaerochaeta
  • Spirochaetaceae
  • Termite hindgut

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Abt, B., Han, C., Scheuner, C., Lu, M., Lapidus, A., Nolan, M., Lucas, S., Hammon, N., Deshpande, S., Cheng, J. F., Tapia, R., Goodwin, L. A., Pitluck, S., Liolios, K., Pagani, I., Ivanova, N., Mavromatis, K., Mikhailova, N., Huntemann, M., ... Detter, J. C. (2012). Complete genome sequence of the termite hindgut bacterium Spirochaeta coccoides type strain (SPN1T), reclassification in the genus Sphaerochaeta as Sphaerochaeta coccoides comb. nov. and emendations of the family Spirochaetaceae and the genus Sphaerochaeta. Standards in Genomic Sciences, 6(2), 194-209. https://doi.org/10.4056/sigs.2796069