Complete genome sequence of the halophilic bacterium Spirochaeta africana type strain (Z-7692t) from the alkaline Lake Magadi in the East African Rift

Konstantinos Liolos, Birte Abt, Carmen Scheuner, Hazuki Teshima, Brittany Held, Alla Lapidus, Matt Nolan, Susan Lucas, Shweta Deshpande, Jan Fang Cheng, Roxanne Tapia, Lynne A. Goodwin, Sam Pitluck, Ioanna Pagani, Natalia Ivanova, Konstantinos Mavromatis, Natalia Mikhailova, Marcel Huntemann, Amrita Pati, Amy ChenKrishna Palaniappan, Miriam Land, Manfred Rohde, Brian J. Tindall, John C. Detter, Markus Göker, James Bristow, Jonathan A Eisen, Victor Markowitz, Philip Hugenholtz, Tanja Woyke, Hans Peter Klenk, Nikos C. Kyrpides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spirochaeta africana Zhilina et al. 1996 is an anaerobic, aerotolerant, spiral-shaped bacte-rium that is motile via periplasmic flagella. The type strain of the species, Z-7692T, was iso-lated in 1993 or earlier from a bacterial bloom in the brine under the trona layer in a shallow lagoon of the alkaline equatorial Lake Magadi in Kenya. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence, and annotation. Considering the pending reclassification of S. caldaria to the genus Treponema, S. africana is only the second 'true' member of the genus Spirochaeta with a genome-sequenced type strain to be pub-lished. The 3,285,855 bp long genome of strain Z-7692T with its 2,817 protein-coding and 57 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalStandards in Genomic Sciences
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Aerotolerant
  • Anaerobic
  • Chemoorganotrophic
  • GEBA
  • Gram-negative
  • Halophilic
  • Mesophilic
  • Motile
  • Periplasmic flagella
  • Spiral-shaped
  • Spirochaetaceae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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