Complement activity and selected hematologic variables in newborn foals fed bovine colostrum.

J. P. Lavoie, M. S. Spensley, Bradford Smith, A. T. Bowling, S. Morse

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Abstract

Serum complement activity and selected hematologic variables were evaluated in 5 newborn foals fed bovine colostrum (principal group) and 6 foals allowed to nurse their dam (control group). Also, bovine colostrum was evaluated for anti-equine antibodies. Precolostral serum hemolytic and conglutinating complement activities were low and increased similarly in foals of both groups to reach adult values between 1 and 3 weeks after birth. Bovine colostrum strongly agglutinated, but did not hemolyse principal foals' RBC and blood containing all known equine blood group alloantigens. Hemolysis was not detected after administration of bovine colostrum. Physiologic anemia developed in foals of principal and control groups during the first week of life. Erythrocyte osmotic fragility in foals of the principal group prior to and after the ingestion of colostrum remained unchanged. However, at 36 hours after birth, there was a significant decrease in erythrocyte osmotic fragility in foals fed homologous colostrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1532-1536
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume50
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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