Inoculation of cats, goats and monkeys with plasmids encoding full-length proviral genomes results in persistent lentiviral infections. This system could be used as a method for administration of an attenuated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine. Here, we compare the virology and immunology in rhesus macaques inoculated with either simian/human immunodeficiency virus 89.6 (SHIV 89.6) virus or a plasmid containing the SHIV 89.6 proviral genome. There was a delay in appearance of systemic infection in DNA-inoculated animals compared with virus-inoculated animals, but otherwise the pattern of infection was similar. The serum immunoglobulin G anti-simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) binding antibody response in DNA-inoculated animals was also delayed compared with virus-inoculated animals, but ultimately there was no difference between live virus and DNA-inoculation in the ability to induce the anti-SIV immune responses that were measured. Thus, the data support the concept that plasmid DNA encoding an attenuated virus could be used instead live virus for vaccination.
- Simian immunodeficiency virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology