Comparison of the transplacental pharmacokinetics of cortisol and triamcinolone acetonide in the rhesus monkey

W. Slikker, Z. R. Althaus, J. M. Rowland, D. E. Hill, A. G. Hendrickx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The late gestational age rhesus monkey was used to study the transplacental pharmacokinetics of radiolabeled triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) and cortisol. Tritiated-TAC and [14C]cortisol were administered simultaneously via the maternal radial vein and blood samples were serially drawn from catheters implanted in both the maternal femoral artery and fetal umbilical vein and artery. High-performance liquid chromatography of the processed blood samples revealed that from 93 to 100% of the 3H in the fetal circulation was parent TAC, whereas only 14 to 49% of the 14C was cortisol during the 40-min period after dose administration. Fetal tissue samples taken at 3 hr afer dose administration showed that 75 to 96% of the 3H present was TAC, whereas no cortisol was observed. TAC demonstrated dose-independent kinetics. Samples collected from the umbilical vein of the in situ placenta after fetectomy revealed that cortisol was extensively converted to cortisone by the placenta, whereas TAC was refractory to placental metabolism. This placental conversion of cortisol to cortisone and the further metabolism and conjugation of cortisol by the fetoplacental unit resulted in a fetal to maternal plasma cortisol ratio of 0.2. In contrast, the lack of placental or fetoplacental metabolism of TAC resulted in a fetal to maternal plasma TAC ratio of 0.6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-374
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume223
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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