Eukaryotic protein synthesis initiation factor 4D (eIF-4D) (current nomenclature, eIF-5A) contains the unique amino acid hypusine (N(ε)-(4-amino-2-hydroxybutyl)lysine). The first step in hypusine biosynthesis, i.e. the formation of the intermediate, deoxyhypusine (N(ε)-(4-aminobutyl)lysine), was carried out in vitro using spermidine, deoxyhypusine synthase, and ec-eIF-4D(Lys), an eIF-4D precursor prepared by over-expression of human eIF-4D cDNA in Escherichia coli. In a parallel reaction, using N-(3-aminopropyl)cadaverine in place of spermidine, a variant form of eIF-4D containing homodeoxyhypusine (N(ε)-(5-aminopentyl)lysine) was prepared. Evidence that N-(3-amino-propyl)cadaverine can also act as the amine substrate for deoxyhypusine synthase in intact cells was obtained by incubating putrescine- and spermidine-depleted Chinese hamster ovary cells with [3H]cadaverine. In these cells, in which [3H]cadaverine is readily converted to N-(3-aminopropyl) [3H]cadaverine, small amounts of [3H]homodeoxyhypusine and another 3H-labeled compound, presumed to be N(ε)-(5-amino-2-hydroxy[3H]pentyl)lysine, were found. eIF-4D stimulates methionyl-puromycin synthesis, an in vitro model assay for translation initiation. Whereas the unmodified precursor ec-eIF-4D(Lys) appeared inactive, the deoxyhypusine-containing form provided a significant degree of stimulation. The variant form containing homodeoxyhypusine, on the other hand, showed little or no activity. These findings emphasize the importance of hypusine or deoxyhypusine for the biological activity of eIF-4D and demonstrate the influence of both the length and chemical nature of its amino alkyl side chain.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Aug 13 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology