The menisci of the knee are semilunar fibrocartilaginous structures critical in load bearing, shock absorption, stability, and lubrication. In this study, two commonly used biomaterials, a hydrogel (agarose) and a nonwoven mesh polymer [poly(glycolic acid); PGA], were compared for suitability as scaffold materials for tissue engineering the knee meniscus. In addition, a rotating wall bioreactor culture of both scaffold materials was compared with static cultures. Constructs were cultured for up to 7 weeks in static and rotating wall bioreactor culture. Cell numbers were 22 times higher in PGA than agarose after 7 weeks in culture. Static PGA scaffolds had more than twice the amount of sulfated glycosaminoglycans and three times the amount of collagen compared to static agarose constructs at week 7. The rotating wall bioreactor was not found with increase matrix production or cell proliferation significantly over static cultures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology