Differences in ketosis and clinical mastitis rates, mean somatic cell counts (SCC) and reproductive performance scores (fertility status index = FS-Index) between herds housed in free stall (n = 533) and tie stall (n = 59) barns were measured in relation to management and environmental factors in a retrospective cohort study of Norwegian dairy farms with automatic grain feeding systems. Herds with tie stalls were found to have a higher clinical mastitis rate, (61.6 cases per 100 cow-years versus 46.4 cases per 100 cow-years (p<0.01)); a significantly higher proportion of herds with ketosis, (relative risk = 1.59, (p<0.01)); and a lower mean fertility status index, (67.3 versus 82.8 (p<0.01)). No significant difference in mean SCC was found between the 2 groups of dairies (p = 0.32). Large herds had higher Loge geometric mean SCC than small herds (p<0.01 ) and herds with high SCC had lower milk production than herds with low SCC (p<0.01). Herds that scored "Very good" on cow cleanliness had significantly lower adjusted mean SCC than herds with scores of "average" or "good" (p<0.05). Herds in barns with a concrete floor had an adjusted mean number of cases of clinical mastitis of 51.4 per 100 cow-years, 14 per cent higher than herds in barns with rubber mats, litter bed or wood (45,2 cases per 100 cow-years) (p<0.05). Herds with high milk production level had higher FS-index than herds with low milk production (p<0.01). Lower disease rates and the higher fertility status measured in the present study favor free stall herds over tie stall herds.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1997|
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