Comparison of intraocular pressures estimated by rebound and applanation tonometry in dogs with lens instability: 66 cases (2012-2018)

Brittany N. Schlesener, Brian C. Leonard, Paul E. Miller, Philip H. Kass, Steven R. Hollingsworth, Ann E. Cooper, David J. Maggs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To compare intraocular pressures (IOPs) estimated by rebound and applanation tonometry for dogs with lens instability. ANIMALS 66 dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records of dogs examined between September 2012 and July 2018 were reviewed for diagnoses of anterior (ALL) or posterior (PLL) lens luxation or lens subluxation. RESULTS Estimates of IOP obtained with rebound and applanation tonometry significantly differed from each other for all types of lens instability considered collectively (mean ± SE difference between tonometric readings, 8.1 ± 1.3 mm Hg) and specific types of lens instability considered individually (mean ± SE difference between tonometric readings: ALL, 12.8 ± 2.5 mm Hg; PLL, 5.9 ± 1.7 mm Hg; subluxation, 2.8 ± 0.8 mm Hg). Median (range) differences between rebound and applanation tonometer readings for dogs with ALL was 5 mm Hg (-9 to 76 mm Hg), with PLL was 3 mm Hg (-1 to 19 mm Hg), and with lens subluxation was 3 mm Hg (-9 to 18 mm Hg). In eyes with ALL, rebound tonometer readings exceeded applanation tonometer readings on 44 of 60 (73%) occasions. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Rebound tonometry yielded higher estimates of IOP than did applanation tonometry in eyes with ALL and with all types of lens luxation considered collectively. Estimates of IOP in eyes with lens instability should ideally be obtained with both rebound and applanation tonometers. Veterinarians with only one type of tonometer should interpret results for dogs with lens instability concurrent with physical examination findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1025-1031
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume259
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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