Comparison of functional outcomes and quality of life between transoral surgery and definitive chemoradiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer

Allen M. Chen, Megan E Daly, Quang Luu, Paul J. Donald, D Gregory Farwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The purpose of this study was to compare patient-reported outcomes between patients treated by initial transoral resection versus definitive chemoradiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer. Methods. Thirty-one patients with oropharyngeal cancer treated by initial transoral CO2 laser microsurgery (n = 16) or robotic surgery (n = 15) followed by postoperative radiotherapy were identified. Each patient was matched to 1 control patient treated by definitive chemoradiotherapy. The University of Washington Quality of Life (UW-QOL) scores at 1 year were compared. Results. No significant differences were observed in any of the UW-QOL functional domains at 1 year with the exception of swallowing (91.5 vs 72.1; p = .01). Twenty-three of 31 patients (74%) treated by transoral surgery reported swallowing "as well as ever," versus 10 of 31 patients (32%) treated by chemoradiotherapy. Conclusion. Similar quality of life was observed among patients treated by transoral surgery or chemoradiotherapy. Although the rates of subjective swallowing dysfunction were higher among the latter, confounding biases must be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-385
Number of pages5
JournalHead and Neck
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Function
  • Oropharyngeal cancer
  • Radiation therapy
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Transoral surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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