Comparison of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor-receptor interactions in intact A431 cells and isolated plasma membranes: Large scale receptor micro-aggregation is not detected during EGF-stimulated early events

Kermit L Carraway, Richard A. Cerione

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Abstract

We have used resonance energy transfer to monitor epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor micro-aggregation at the surface of intact human epidermoid carcinoma (A431) cells. EGF molecules labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate and eosin isothiocyanate were demonstrated to bind tightly to cellsurface receptors, to elicit immediate changes in cytosolic free [Ca2+], and to undergo endocytosis. Under conditions which maintain the integrity of the cell, we observed no energy transfer between the donor fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled EGF molecules and the acceptor eosin isothiocyanate-labeled growth factors bound to receptors. However, after disruption of cells by Dounce homogenization, a significant degree of energy transfer was observed (∼ 10-20%) with membranes, indicative of receptor aggregation. These results suggest that EGF does not cause micro-aggregation of the majority of its receptors on the surface of intact A431 cells within the time period of the early events associated with growth factor action. Moreover, it appears that the A431 cells contain some component which imparts a constraint on the ability of EGF receptors to aggregate, and that some of this component is lost upon the disruption of cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8899-8906
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Receptor Aggregation
Cell membranes
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Epidermal Growth Factor
Energy transfer
Agglomeration
Cell Membrane
Fluorescein
Energy Transfer
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Molecules
Membranes
Endocytosis
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
eosine-5-isothiocyanate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor-receptor interactions in intact A431 cells and isolated plasma membranes: Large scale receptor micro-aggregation is not detected during EGF-stimulated early events",
abstract = "We have used resonance energy transfer to monitor epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor micro-aggregation at the surface of intact human epidermoid carcinoma (A431) cells. EGF molecules labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate and eosin isothiocyanate were demonstrated to bind tightly to cellsurface receptors, to elicit immediate changes in cytosolic free [Ca2+], and to undergo endocytosis. Under conditions which maintain the integrity of the cell, we observed no energy transfer between the donor fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled EGF molecules and the acceptor eosin isothiocyanate-labeled growth factors bound to receptors. However, after disruption of cells by Dounce homogenization, a significant degree of energy transfer was observed (∼ 10-20{\%}) with membranes, indicative of receptor aggregation. These results suggest that EGF does not cause micro-aggregation of the majority of its receptors on the surface of intact A431 cells within the time period of the early events associated with growth factor action. Moreover, it appears that the A431 cells contain some component which imparts a constraint on the ability of EGF receptors to aggregate, and that some of this component is lost upon the disruption of cells.",
author = "Carraway, {Kermit L} and Cerione, {Richard A.}",
year = "1991",
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journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
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T1 - Comparison of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor-receptor interactions in intact A431 cells and isolated plasma membranes

T2 - Large scale receptor micro-aggregation is not detected during EGF-stimulated early events

AU - Carraway, Kermit L

AU - Cerione, Richard A.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - We have used resonance energy transfer to monitor epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor micro-aggregation at the surface of intact human epidermoid carcinoma (A431) cells. EGF molecules labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate and eosin isothiocyanate were demonstrated to bind tightly to cellsurface receptors, to elicit immediate changes in cytosolic free [Ca2+], and to undergo endocytosis. Under conditions which maintain the integrity of the cell, we observed no energy transfer between the donor fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled EGF molecules and the acceptor eosin isothiocyanate-labeled growth factors bound to receptors. However, after disruption of cells by Dounce homogenization, a significant degree of energy transfer was observed (∼ 10-20%) with membranes, indicative of receptor aggregation. These results suggest that EGF does not cause micro-aggregation of the majority of its receptors on the surface of intact A431 cells within the time period of the early events associated with growth factor action. Moreover, it appears that the A431 cells contain some component which imparts a constraint on the ability of EGF receptors to aggregate, and that some of this component is lost upon the disruption of cells.

AB - We have used resonance energy transfer to monitor epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor micro-aggregation at the surface of intact human epidermoid carcinoma (A431) cells. EGF molecules labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate and eosin isothiocyanate were demonstrated to bind tightly to cellsurface receptors, to elicit immediate changes in cytosolic free [Ca2+], and to undergo endocytosis. Under conditions which maintain the integrity of the cell, we observed no energy transfer between the donor fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled EGF molecules and the acceptor eosin isothiocyanate-labeled growth factors bound to receptors. However, after disruption of cells by Dounce homogenization, a significant degree of energy transfer was observed (∼ 10-20%) with membranes, indicative of receptor aggregation. These results suggest that EGF does not cause micro-aggregation of the majority of its receptors on the surface of intact A431 cells within the time period of the early events associated with growth factor action. Moreover, it appears that the A431 cells contain some component which imparts a constraint on the ability of EGF receptors to aggregate, and that some of this component is lost upon the disruption of cells.

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