Background The optimal dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration after endovascular revascularization of infrainguinal arteries is uncertain. Methods This study examines DAPT prescription trends and 12-month major adverse limb events (MALEs; a composite of repeat endovascular or surgical revascularization, acute vessel thrombosis, or amputation of the target limb), major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs; all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction [MI], stroke, or coronary revascularization), fatal bleeding events, and those requiring interruption or discontinuation of DAPT (hemorrhagic complications) for patients enrolled into the Excellence in Peripheral Artery Disease (XLPAD) registry. Results Data on 368 patients prescribed antiplatelet therapy were analyzed; 8.2% were prescribed antiplatelet monotherapy, 48.6% DAPT for ≤3 months, and 43.2% for >3 months. Patients in the >3 DAPT prescribed group were older, had preexisting coronary artery disease (CAD), and prior MI (all P < 0.001). Overall MALE in the ≤3 and >3-month DAPT prescribed groups were 22.3% and 23.9%, respectively (P = 0.541). Survival analysis showed significantly higher rates of MACE in patients prescribed >3-month DAPT (17.6% vs. 9.5%; P = 0.019). An "as-treated" analysis excluded 10 patients who were prescribed DAPT for >3 months and revealed similar rates of MALE (24.9% vs. 20.8%; P = 0.386) and MACE (12.2% vs. 14.8%; P = 0.443) in patients receiving ≤3 and >3 DAPT. Hemorrhagic complications were similar across all prescribed and "as-treated" DAPT groups. Conclusions After infrainguinal endovascular procedures, patients with underlying CAD were prescribed longer (>3 months) duration of DAPT and experienced more cardiovascular events compared with those prescribed ≤3 months of DAPT. Adverse limb events were similar in both groups.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine