Background. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is an independent inverse risk factor for coronary artery disease. Current methodologies for measurement of HDL-C in most clinical laboratories involve chemical precipitation-based methods. However, these methods are time- consuming, affected by high triglycerides, are not suitable for complete automation, and require a large sample size. New direct homogeneous methods are now available that do not have these constraints. Design.-We evaluated the performance of 2 direct homogeneous methods, Liquid N-geneous HDL-C assay (LNHDL) and Boehringer Mannheim HDL Cholesterol assay (BM-HDL), and compared these methods against a modified Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference method (MR-HDL) in 126 patients with normotriglyceridemia (triglycerides < 4.5 mmol/L, range 0.6-4.3 mmol/L) and 50 patients with hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides ≥ 4.5 mmol/L, range 4.5-18.8 mmol/L). Results.-Excellent precision profiles were exhibited by both homogeneous methods. Both LN-HDL and BM-HDL correlated well with MR-HDL in normotriglyceridemia (r = 0.98, slope = 0.93 and r = 0.97, slope = 1.0, respectively). However, compared with the modified reference method, the LN- HDL correlated better than the BM-HDL in hypertriglyceridemic samples (r = 0.97, slope = 1.0 and r = 0.91, slope = 0.9, respectively). The 1998 National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines for accuracy (bias < ±5%) were met by LN-HDL in both normotriglyceridemic and hypertriglyceridemic samples (bias = 1.3% and 3.3%, respectively); however, BM-HDL failed to meet the National Cholesterol Education Program accuracy criteria in both triglyceride subgroups (bias = 8.2% and 11.3%, respectively). In addition, the total error for LNHDL in both normotriglyceridemia (6.6%) and hypertriglyceridemia (8.6%) was well within the National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines for total error (≤13%); BM-HDL exhibited a higher total error than LN-HDL in normotriglyceridemia (11.9%) and failed to meet the National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines in hypertriglyceridemia (15.0%). Conclusion.- Although both homogeneous methods are precise, the LN-HDL assay is superior in accuracy to the BM-HDL assay when compared with the modified reference method.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|State||Published - Nov 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology