The relationship between DNA-adduct formation and mutagenicity of two heterocyclic aromatic amines associated with cooked foods was determined in a CHO cell strain lacking nucleotide excision repair. Cells were exposed to tritiated IQ (2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-F]quinoline) or Trp-P-2 (3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole) supplemented with hamster S9 microsomal fraction for metabolic activation. DNA from nuclei was isolated by DNAase-mediated elution from polycarbonate filters after RNAase and proteinase treatment. The presumed metabolites of both compounds bound to DNA in a dose-dependent fashion. Although the dose required to produce 50% cell killing was 15 times higher for IQ than Trp-P-2, the amount of radioactive material bound to DNA at that dose was about 10-fold lower with IQ. When mutations at the hprt and aprt loci were compared with the estimated levels of adducts, the calculated mutagenic efficiency of the adducts was bout 4 mutations per 1000 adducts for both compounds, assuming a target sequence of 1000 base pairs for either locus. We conclude that IQ is acting as a weak mutagen in this system because its extracellular metabolites either do not reach or do not react efficiently with the DNA of the CHO cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|State||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis