Comparative Anesthesia and Analgesia of Dogs and Cats

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The domestic dog has been manipulated by selective breeding into a bewildering variety of shapes and sizes, originally with some functional purpose, but more recently with appearance as a major driving force of breed standards. Dogs are unusual in that they have relatively low intraerythrocyte potassium concentrations. There is a breed predilection to the occurrence of tracheal collapse, with small breeds being over-represented. It has been well documented that important metabolic differences exist between cats, dogs, and humans; dose extrapolation from these latter species to cats should therefore be undertaken with caution. The anesthetic potency of inhalant anesthetics, as characterized by their minimum alveolar concentration (higher MAC values), tends to be lower in cats than in many other species, including dogs and horses. Tracheal intubation of cats remains essential to the maintenance of a patient airway during anesthesia. Postanesthetic cortical blindness has been reported in cats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationVeterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia
Subtitle of host publicationThe Fifth Edition of Lumb and Jones
Publisherwiley
Pages721-730
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781119421375
ISBN (Print)9781118526231
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2017

Keywords

  • Decerebrate cats
  • Domestic dog
  • Drug metabolism
  • Endotracheal intubation
  • Erythrocyte potassium
  • Inhalant anesthetics
  • Postanesthetic cortical blindness
  • Tracheal collapse
  • Veterinary anesthesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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