Commercial and Industrial Chemical Hazards for Ruminants: An Update

Robert H. Poppenga, Stephen B. Hooser

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Livestock can be exposed to a wide variety of commercial or industrial chemicals that have variable toxicity. Adverse effects can be due to acute or chronic illnesses and deaths or due to contamination of meat or milk intended for human consumption. A diagnosis can be challenging in the absence of a known exposure. It is critical that a complete evaluation be conducted and appropriate samples be collected for possible analysis. Appropriate experts and regulatory agencies should be consulted as soon as possible to avoid potential contaminated animal products reaching consumers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-639
Number of pages19
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute toxicosis
  • Agricultural chemicals
  • Chronic toxicosis
  • Commercial
  • Industrial
  • Industrial chemicals
  • Poisoning
  • Ruminant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals


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