Combined Inhibition of Fyn and c-Src Protects Hippocampal Neurons and Improves Spatial Memory via ROCK after Traumatic Brain Injury

Zhouheng Ye, Ali Izadi, Gene G. Gurkoff, Kaitlin Rickerl, Frank R. Sharp, Bradley Ander, Sawyer Z. Bauer, Austin Lui, Bruce G. Lyeth, Da Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our previous studies demonstrated that traumatic brain injury (TBI) and ventricular administration of thrombin caused hippocampal neuron loss and cognitive dysfunction via activation of Src family kinases (SFKs). Based on SFK localization in brain, we hypothesized SFK subtypes Fyn and c-Src, as well as SFK downstream molecule Rho-Associated protein kinase (ROCK), contribute to cell death and cognitive dysfunction after TBI. We administered nanoparticle wrapped small interfering RNA (siRNA)-Fyn and siRNA-c-Src, or ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 to adult rats subjected to moderate lateral fluid percussion (LFP)-induced TBI. Spatial memory function was assessed from 12 to 16 days, and NeuN stained hippocampal neurons were assessed 16 days after TBI. The combination of siRNA-Fyn and siRNA-c-Src, but neither alone, prevented hippocampal neuron loss and spatial memory deficits after TBI. The ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 also prevented hippocampal neuronal loss and spatial memory deficits after TBI. The data suggest that the combined actions of three kinases (Fyn, c-Src, ROCK) mediate hippocampal neuronal cell death and spatial memory deficits produced by LFP-TBI, and that inhibiting this pathway prevents the TBI-induced cell death and memory deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)520-529
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume39
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • c-Src
  • Fyn
  • ROCK
  • siRNA
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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