Colorectal surgery in kidney transplant recipients: A decade of trends and outcomes in the United States

Wissam J Halabi, Mehraneh D. Jafari, Vinh Q. Nguyen, Joseph C. Carmichael, Steven Mills, Alessio Pigazzi, Michael J. Stamos, Clarence E. Foster

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is paucity of data evaluating the trends and outcomes of colorectal surgery (CRS) in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2001 to 2010, a retrospective review of CRS performed in KTRs was performed. Trends, demographics, indications, and outcomes were examined for elective and emergent cases and compared with the general population (GP) on multivariate logistic regression. A total of 2616 KTRs underwent CRS, 50 per cent of which were done emergently. KTRs developed colon and rectal cancer at a younger age and had significantly higher incidence of comorbidities compared with the GP. Diverticular disease was the most common indication for surgery (48%) followed by cancer (30.6%). Compared with the GP, KTRs had higher rates of mortality (6.29 vs 3.64%), wound complications (8.02 vs 5.37%), and acute renal failure (ARF) (17.14 vs 7.10%) (all P < 0.05). No difference was seen in the incidence of anastomotic leak. On multivariate analysis, KTRs had higher associated odds of ARF (odds ratio, 2.02; P < 0.001), whereas the odds of mortality, wound, and anastomotic complications were similar to the GP. Emergency surgery in KTRs was associated with worse outcomes compared with the elective setting. KTRs undergoing CRS have unique characteristics that are different than the GP. They are at an increased risk of complications, especially acute renal failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1026-1033
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume79
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Halabi, W. J., Jafari, M. D., Nguyen, V. Q., Carmichael, J. C., Mills, S., Pigazzi, A., Stamos, M. J., & Foster, C. E. (2013). Colorectal surgery in kidney transplant recipients: A decade of trends and outcomes in the United States. American Surgeon, 79(10), 1026-1033.