Colorectal cancer screening among African Americans: The importance of physician recommendation

Vicky Taylor, Daniel Lessler, Kathy Mertens, Shin-Ping Tu, Alton Hart, Nadine Chan, Jianfen Shu, Beti Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: African Americans have higher colorectal cancer incidence and mortality rates than whites. They are also more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage disease and less likely to survive for at least five years after diagnosis. Lack of adherence to colorectal cancer screening recommendations has previously been found to be associated with lower income, lower educational level, and racial/ethnic minority status. Methods: One hundred-fifty African-American patients (aged 50-79 years) of an inner city hospital, were surveyed by mail and telephone in early 2002. Seventy-six patients completed the survey, and data from 74 surveys were analyzed. Results: Approximately one-half (55%) of the respondents reported having received a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in the last 12 months, sigmoidoscopy in the last five years, or colonoscopy in the last 10 years. Thirty-nine percent of the survey participants reported never having received a physician recommendation for FOBT, 60% reported never having received a recommendation for sigmoidoscopy, and 57% reported never having received a recommendation for colonoscopy. Previous physician recommendation was strongly associated (p<0.001) with levels of FOBT, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy use. Discussion: Future studies should examine factors that influence primary care physicians' decision-making about ordering colorectal cancer screening tests, as well as patients' decision-making regarding adherence to physician recommendations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)806-812
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume95
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African-American
  • Colorectal cancer screening
  • Physician recommendation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Taylor, V., Lessler, D., Mertens, K., Tu, S-P., Hart, A., Chan, N., Shu, J., & Thompson, B. (2003). Colorectal cancer screening among African Americans: The importance of physician recommendation. Journal of the National Medical Association, 95(9), 806-812.