COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF NICOTINE AS A MARKER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE.

S. Katharine Hammond, Brian P. Leaderer, Anne C. Roche, Marc B Schenker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nicotine is a potential marker for environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) because it is unique to tobacco smoke and is a major constituent of the smoke. An air sampling method is presented which efficiently collects both particulate and vapor phase nicotine. Two filters are assembled in tandem in a personal sampling cassette. The first filter collects total or size fractional particles and the second is treated with sodium bisulfate to collect vapor phase nicotine and nicotine which has volatilized from the particulate material collected on the first filter. The nicotine is then desorbed from the filters and analyzed by gas chromatography with nitrogen sensitive detection. The sampling method was evaluated in an environmental chamber under controlled conditions of temperature, humidity, ventilation and smoking rate. It was then employed in a field study of particulate exposures of railroad office workers and railroad mechanics to determine the portion of the particulate exposure attributable to environmental tobacco smoke. The method was found to be efficient and sensitive for the determination of nicotine levels in air.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-462
Number of pages6
JournalAtmospheric Environment - Part A General Topics
Volume21
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution

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