Coccidioidomycosis in the llama: Case report and epidemiologic survey

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Abstract

An 8-year-old nongravid female llama with a 1-month history of progressive posterior paresis was referred because of suspected degenerative myelopathy secondary to copper deficiency or plant poisoning. Neurologic examination revealed loss of conscious proprioception and slightly depressed bilateral patellar reflexes. Electromyographic examination of hindlimb flexors and extensors did not elicit evidence of lower motor neuron disease. Possible fragmentation and mottling of the 10th thoracic vertebral body were noted radiographically. Results of a lumbar CSF tap, complete blood count, and fecal flotation were not diagnostic. In the face of poor prognosis, the llama was euthanatized. Postmortem and histologic evaluation revealed, in addition to disseminated visceral granulomas, an extradural pyogranulomatous mass comressing the cord laterally at the level of T-10. Large numbers of Coccidioides immitis were dispersed throughout the granulomas. Complement fixing antibody tests in 11 other herd members showed evidence of C immitis infection in three.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1334-1337
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume181
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1982

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coccidioidomycosis
Coccidioidomycosis
New World Camelids
llamas
granuloma
Granuloma
epidemiological studies
Plant Poisoning
Coccidioides immitis
Coccidioides
proprioception
case studies
Proprioception
Motor Neuron Disease
paresis
Blood Cell Count
Spinal Cord Diseases
Neurologic Examination
Paresis
chest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Coccidioidomycosis in the llama : Case report and epidemiologic survey. / Muir, S.; Pappagianis, Demosthenes.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 181, No. 11, 1982, p. 1334-1337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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