Coccidioidomycosis in llamas in the United States: 19 cases (1981-1989).

M. E. Fowler, Demosthenes Pappagianis, I. Ingram

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28 Scopus citations


Coccidioidomycosis was diagnosed in 19 llamas (California, 9; Arizona, 10). All but 1 had a disseminated form, with pyogranulomas principally in the lungs, thoracic lymph nodes, liver, and kidneys. However, lesions were found in tissue specimens from most organ systems. Antemortem diagnosis was based on radiographic evaluation of the lungs, serologic testing, or presence of spherules of Coccidioides immitis in pyogranuloma aspirates, skin scrapings, or biopsy specimens. Animals residing in endemic areas of southwestern United States are at risk, and llamas appear to be highly susceptible to developing disseminated forms of coccidioidomycosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1609-1614
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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