Clostridium sordellii–associated gas gangrene in eight horses, 1998–2019

Sofia C. Sacco, Joaquín Ortega, Mauricio A. Navarro, Karina C. Fresneda, Mark Anderson, Leslie W. Woods, Janet Moore, Francisco A. Uzal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Gas gangrene occurs in several animal species and is caused by one or more clostridial species. In horses, the disease is most often caused by Clostridium perfringens type A. Although Clostridium sordellii has been associated with gas gangrene in ruminants and humans, cases of the disease associated with this microorganism have not been described in horses, to our knowledge. We report herein 8 cases of gas gangrene caused by C. sordellii in horses. These cases were characterized by myonecrosis and cellulitis, associated with systemic changes suggestive of toxic shock. The diagnosis was confirmed by gross and microscopic changes combined with anaerobic culture, fluorescent antibody test, immunohistochemistry, and/or PCR. The predisposing factor in these cases was an injection or a traumatic skin injury. C. sordellii should be considered as a possible etiologic agent in cases of gas gangrene in horses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Clostridium sordellii
  • gas gangrene
  • horses
  • muscle
  • subcutaneous tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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