Clostridial diseases

Martine Boulianne, Francisco A. Uzal, Kenneth Opengart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clostridia are among the most fascinating bacteria. The genus Clostridium consists of a diverse group of Gram-positive spore-forming anaerobic rods which are distributed worldwide. This chapter describes most commonly encountered clostridial-caused diseases in poultry: ulcerative enteritis (UE), necrotic enteritis, botulism, and gangrenous dermatitis respectively caused by C. colinum, C. perfringens, C. botulinum, and C. septicum. It offers detailed coverage of the history, etiology, pathobiology, epidemiology, clinical signs, diagnosis, and intervention strategies of these diseases. Given the ubiquitous nature of clostridia and the presence of other pathogens causing similar lesions to necrotic enteritis for example, confirmation of the diagnosis of these diseases requires identification of the etiological agents by morphological, cultural, and/or molecular methods. In a persistent outbreak of UE, prevention of coccidiosis with monensin and salinomycin, combined with tylosin, was the only treatment effective to control the outbreak.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDiseases of Poultry
Publisherwiley
Pages966-994
Number of pages29
ISBN (Electronic)9781119371199
ISBN (Print)9781119371168
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Botulism
  • Clinical signs
  • Clostridia
  • Differential diagnosis
  • Gangrenous dermatitis
  • Intervention strategies
  • Necrotic enteritis
  • Poultry
  • Ulcerative enteritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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