Changes in fast myosin expression play a critical role in skeletal muscle adaptation. Two fast myosin isoforms, type 2A and type 2B, are commonly expressed by fast muscle fibers but their sequences have not been determined to allow mRNA expression studies. A complete set of rat skeletal muscle myosins was amplified by PCR of cDNAs derived from skeletal muscle mRNA, cloned in a TA cloning vector, and sequenced. Specificity was demonstrated by in situ hybridization against skeletal muscle and myosin protein identification using monoclonal antibodies. Two novel sequences were cloned: A type 2A myosin which consisted of a 642 bp segment from the 3′ end and a type 2B myosin which consisted of a 624 bp segment also from the 3′ end. This region encodes that portion of the myosin molecule implicated in the control of filament assembly. The two fast myosins showed 88% homology in the open reading frame and 95% homology at the amino acid level. Based on this homology, it is unlikely that selective myosin filament assembly occurs during muscle fiber type transformation between type 2A and 2B.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Dec 30 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology