Cloning and expression of a Helicobacter bilis immunoreactive protein

Sunlian Feng, Emir Hodzic, Lon V. Kendall, Amy Smith, Kimberly Freet, Stephen W. Barthold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


In an effort to identify immunoreactive Helicobacter bilis antigens with potential for serodiagnosis, sera from mice experimentally infected with H. bilis were used to screen an H. bilis genomic DNA expression library. Among 17 immunoreactive clones, several contained sequences that encoded a predicted 167-kDa protein (P167). Five overlapping P167 peptides (P167A to P167E) of approximately 40 kDa each were generated and tested. Immune sera reacted with fragments P167C and P167D at dilutions of 1:1,600 and 1:6,400, respectively, and reacted with an H. bilis membrane extract at a dilution of 1:800 in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Sera from mice experimentally infected with H. hepaticus did not react with P167C and P167D. Sera from mice naturally infected with H. bilis but not sera from mice naturally infected with H. hepaticus reacted with P167C and P167D. Hyperimmune sera against P167C peptide reacted with recombinant P167C and with a 120-kDa band in H. bilis lysates but did not react with a protein of the same size on immunoblots prepared from H. hepaticus, H. muridarum, or unrelated Borrelia burgdorferi and Campylobacter jejuni whole-cell lysates. Nevertheless, the P167A, P167B, P167C, and P167D primers, but not the P167E primers, amplified DNA from H. hepaticus, and all five primer sets amplified DNA from H. muridarum. These results suggest that P167 is an immunodominant, H. bilis-specific antigen that may have potential for use in serodiagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-632
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Immunology


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