Clinicopathologic characterization of odontogenic tumors and focal fibrous hyperplasia in dogs: 152 Cases (1995-2005)

Nadine Fiani, Frank J Verstraete, Philip H Kass, Darren P. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-To characterize clinicopathologic features of the most common odontogenic tumors and focal fibrous hyperplasia (FFH) in dogs. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-152 dogs evaluated for oral tumors of possible odontogenic origin at the William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of the University of California-Davis between 1995 and 2005. Procedures-Information was collected from records, including dog breed, age, reproductive status, and location of lesion in the oral cavity. Histologic slides pertaining to each dog were reviewed by 3 investigators. Data regarding clinicopathologic features of the 3 most common lesions (canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma [CAA], peripheral odontogenic fibroma [POF], and FFH) were summarized. Results-152 dogs with odontogenic tumors or FFH were identified. Sixty-eight (45%) dogs had CAA, 47 (31%) had POF, 24 (16%) had FFH, and 13 (9%) had other odontogenic tumors. Canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma was present most commonly in the rostral aspect of the mandible, with POF and FFH more common in the rostral aspect of the maxilla. Males and females were equally represented among dogs with CAA and FFH. Castrated males were overrepresented among dogs with POF. Golden Retrievers, Akitas, Cocker Spaniels, and Shetland Sheepdogs were overrepresented among dogs with CAA. No breed predisposition was detected for FFH or POF. Dogs with FFH had a greater mean age at initial evaluation than did dogs with CAA or POF. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-CAA, POF, and FFH have distinct clinical patterns that may help clinicians and pathologists identify such lesions more readily.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-500
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume238
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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