Clinically symptomatic vasitis: Clinical correlations in a rare condition

Raul I Clavijo, Jennifer Rose-Nussbaumer, Paul J. Turek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vasitis, or inflammation of the vas deferens, is a rare condition. When diagnosed pathologically, it has been linked to vasectomy, prostatectomy, and herniorrhaphy. When diagnosed clinically, relationships with potential causative factors are unclear. We investigated the clinical factors associated with clinically symptomatic vasitis in a retrospective series of patients. From the history, physical examination, and clinical course, we analyzed associated risk factors. Clinical care patterns were also examined to assess the effectiveness of different treatments. Among 11 patients, the mean patient age at presentation was 47 years (range 29-60 years). The mean diameter of the affected vas deferens was 0.97cm. Associated procedures included ipsilateral herniorrhaphy (4 patients), radical prostatectomy (2 patients), perianal fistulectomy (1 patient), and bilateral testicular biopsy (1 patient). Furthermore, epididymitis was reported in one patient after testicular trauma, and another patient had congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens. No patient had a history of vasectomy. Three patients were HIV positive and 6 were active smokers. Six of the 11 patients improved with medical management that included nonsteroidal and steroidal anti-inflammatories and antibiotics. One patient was lost to follow-up. Similar to studies of pathologically detected vasitis, this unique study of clinical vasitis suggests that prior herniorrhaphy, prostatectomy, and possibly HIV infection may be risk factors for its development. In addition, the use of anti-inflammatories and antibiotics warrants further investigation as potentially effective treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-449
Number of pages5
JournalSystems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Volume56
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • Herniorrhaphy
  • HIV
  • Inflammation
  • Vas deferens
  • Vasitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Urology

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